Giuseppe Castiglione (19 July 1688 – 16 July 1766)
A Jesuit missionary of Milan, Italy, came to China to preach and adopted a new name on Chinese ─ Lang Shining. Even though he came to China as a missionary, he became a full-time court painter thanks to his excellent art skills. As an artist, he served three Emperors, Kangxi (1661-1722), Yongzheng (1723-1735) and Qianlong (1736-1795) for 51 years.
An oil painter by training, he absorbed Chinese traditional painting techniques at work. His works opened the eyes of Chinese painters which made his name known to all.